Licensing Pilots of VTOL-Capable Aircraft

Closed 20 Nov 2023

Opened 16 Oct 2023


This document presents UK Civil Aviation Authority’s (CAA) current position on competency and licensing requirements for Vertical Take Off and Landing (VTOL) capable aircraft pilots wishing to perform commercial air transport (CAT) operations. It is to be viewed as interim guidance while we continue to work with stakeholders to enhance our understanding of the technology and how it is to be operated. This policy statement only concerns the conversion of existing commercial pilot licenses, to allow operations to be initiated. Ab-initio training and other training routes will be developed in due course.


The deadline for responses has been extended and they are requested by 20 November 2023.

What happens next

An overview of our proposal, stakeholder comments and resulting CAA actions will be posted in the Advanced Air Mobility challenge section of the CAA’s website.


  • Commercial airlines
  • Industry representative bodies
  • Flightcrew
  • Training organisations
  • Government departments
  • Regulatory bodies
  • International Civil Aviation Organization


  • Airworthiness